Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano

Monument & Heritage Check location

Considered the Mother of all churches in the world, the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano (Basilica of St. John Lateran) was the most important temple in Christendom for more than 1.000 years. It was commissioned by the emperor Constantine and consecrated in 324 AD and until the 14th century, it was the Pope´s main place of worship.

Today, it’s still Rome’s official cathedral and the pope’s seat as the bishop of Rome, and it contains the papal throne. The whole five nave-structure was remodeled several times throughout times but is very well preserved, including its sumptuous 16th-century ceiling gilded with real gold in the central nave.

The interior is magnificent, with colossal statues, mosaics, and frescoes. The Holy Stairs, white marble stairs encased in wooden ones, are one of the most visited features of the Basilica since it is believed that Jesus Christ stepped on them during His Passion.

Contacts & Details

Piazza di S. Giovanni in Laterano, 4 00184 Roma